SINUS PERSICUS MAXIMAM PARTEM AD OBSERVATIONES PROPIAS
Date: 1765 Paris
Size: 22*31 cms
Important detailed copper engraved map of the Persian Gulf with details of Persia and Arabia prepared by C. Niebuhr and was published in "Atlas universel pour l'étude de la géographie et de l'histoire ancienne et modern" in Paris in 1787. The map is adorned with a large, floral-style, title cartouche.
In 1761 Carsten Niebuhr (1733-1815), a surveyor, joined a Danish scientific expedition, including seven European orientalists, linguists, artists and naturalists. Having spent a year in Egypt they left Suez in 1762 in disguise, travelling down the Red Sea coast of Arabia to Yemen in an open boat. However malaria struck the expedition and by 1764 Niebuhr was the only surviving European. He continued alone, visiting Muscat. Shiraz, Persepolis, Babylon, Baghdad, Mosul, Aleppo, Cyprus, and Jerusalem, before returning to Constantinople and crossing Europe to Denmark. His account was published with the financial aid of King Christian VII, to whom the book is dedicated.
Niebuhr’s Arabian maps corrected some of the details of D’Anville’s maps of 1751. This was mainly possible due to Niebuhr’s first-hand experience and use of scientific instruments. Also, the Arabian area was difficult to map correctly. Such was the quality of Niebuhr's work that his maps remained in use for over 100 years and were used extensively by such cartographers as Bonne, Cary, Lotter and Thomson.
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