WORLD CALFORNIA AS ISLAND PLANIGLOBII TERRESTRIS CUM UTROQ HEMISPHAERIO CAELESTI
Cartographer: Homann Family
Date: 1707 Nuremberg
This is the First edition and Rare edition of Homann's World map.Published before Homann was given 'cum priviligio'from the Emperor.The map depicts California as an Island.For the second edition circa 1716 California had reverted to a peninsula.
One of the most celebrated cartographers of his day, Johann Baptist Homann established the most successful German publishing house of the eighteenth century. His prolific business, which was inherited by his family after his death, dominated Germany's map market for over a century, and produced some of the finest maps and atlases of the age. He established himself in Nuremberg, and by 1715 was appointed Geographer to the Emperor.
This is a stunning early double hemisphere, which literally swirls with activity. The world is shown in two hemisphere with a double hemisphere representation of the celestial world as construed in Classical astronomy above and below. Outside of these circles are many unusual things. At top is a representation of the heavens with the stars, Sun and Moon, angels and the disembodied heads that provide the winds on Earth. At bottom are representations of unusual phenomena: a volcano erupting, an earthquake, waterspouts, a whirlpool, and a rainbow.
The world map itself, which is derived, according to the title, from Dutch and French maps, includes the trade winds and the routes of several important explorations: Magellan's, Tasman's, and William Dampier's, among others. Recent discoveries in Australia and New Zealand are indicated. In North America, California is an island and the amorphous "Terra Esonis" extends to the west from where Vancouver would eventually be toward Japan.
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