vERY ATTRACTIVE Mercator-Hondius map of the Russian Empire and Scandinavia, based upon the maps and information brought back to the Netherlands by Issac Massa.

Isaac Abrahamszoon Massa (1586-1643) was a Dutch grain trader, traveller and diplomat, the envoy to Muscovy, and author of memoirs witnessing the Time of Troubles and the maps of Eastern Europe and Siberia. Isaac Massa was born into a wealthy silk merchant's family. In 1601, Isaac left Haarlem for Moscow to assist the family trade. Isaac was witness to the second half of Boris Godunov's reign that evolved into a civil war now known as the Time of Troubles. He survived the capture of Moscow by False Dmitriy I and left Russia in 1609, before the fall of Czar Vasily Shuysky. Massa compiled an account of the 1601–1609 events presented to Stadtholder Maurice and reproduced in print in the nineteenth century. In 1612–1613 Massa published two articles on Russian events and the geography of the Land of Samoyeds, accompanied with a map of Russia, in an almanac edited by Hessel Gerritsz. His notes on his various travels have been published in conjunction with maps by Henry Hudson.

Massa is credited with five published maps of Russia and its provinces and two maps of Moscow city, including the schematic account of the 1606 battle between Vasily Shuysky and Ivan Bolotnikov's armies. Massa's rendition of the Siberian coast represented an advance in geography and for decades remained the only map of this region. It was subsequently copied by Gerardus Mercator and Jodocus Hondius, Jan Janssonius and Willem Blaeu.

Good margins, excellent full original colour.

Very good condition.

References: Van der Krogt 1, 1800:1B.1.

code : M3249

Cartographer : HONDIUS Family

Date : 1635

Size : 48*57 cms

availability : Available

Price : £595

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Jodocus Hondius I(1563-1612) was one of the foremost map engravers of his day; he worked for many Dutch publishers and was also employed by the English map- and print-sellers, Sudbury and Humble, to engrave the maps for John Speed's "The Theatre Of The Empire Of Great Britaine", published in 1612. Hondius married Coletta van den Keere (sister of Pieter van de Keere - also heavily involved in the map trade) thus strengthening his links with the map world at this time.

Hondius bought the copperplates of Mercator's "Atlas Sive Cosmographicae ..." at the auction of Gerard Jr.'s effects in 1604. He added another forty maps, including new maps of the continents and important regional maps of the Americas, before publishing a new edition of the "Atlas ..." in 1606 that was in direct competition with Ortelius' "Theatrum". As many of Hondius' maps were more up-to-date, the Mercator-Hondius "Atlas ..." effectively superseded Ortelius' "Theatrum".

Jodocus also had the plates of the "Atlas ..." reduced at this time in order to publish them in the "Atlas Minor" that first appeared in 1607. Cornelis Clasz and Johannes Janssonius of Arnhem (the elder Janssonius) were the publishers involved in this 'miniature' endeavour.

Henricus and Jodocus II were sons of Jodocus I. From 1619 the "Atlas ..." was published under the Henricus Hondius imprint. Henricus appears to have been heavily involved in the "Atlas ..." from 1619 until 1633 when his brother-in-law's name and imprint, that of Johannes Janssonius, also started appearing on the "Atlas ..." After 1636 the name of the "Atlas ..." was changed to "Atlas Novus" with Janssonius being responsible, in the main, for its publication.